Approximately 40 micronutrients are required in the human diet for optimal health but 50% of the US may be deficient in at least one of these micronutrients.
Micronutrient deficiencies may help explain why the group of people who eat the fewest fruits and vegetables have double the cancer rate for most types of cancer when compared to the quarter with the highest intake.
Surprisingly, 80% of children and 68% of adults in America do not eat the recommended five portions a day.
Do You Get Enough Nutrients From Diet Alone?
The results from studies of people on several diets (Atkins for Life, The South Beach, DASH, Zone, LEARN, Ornish and more) show that an individual following the most popular diet plans with food alone has a high likelihood of becoming micronutrient deficient.
Further analysis found that it would take an average of 27,500 calories for sufficiency in all micronutrients. Of the calorie restricted diets, there is an advantage to the ones that contain nutrient-dense foods.
Improving a low quality diet and the behaviours associated with it (suboptimal nutrient intake and physical inactivity) can improve overall health and wellness.
Common micronutrient deficiencies are likely to damage DNA by the same mechanism as radiation and many chemicals. Aging appears partly from the oxidants produced by mitochondria as by-products of normal metabolism.
Remedying micronutrient deficiencies is likely to lead to a major improvement in health and an increase in longevity at low cost.
The American Dietetic Association (ADA) has stated that the best nutritional strategy for promoting optimal health and reducing the risk of chronic disease is to wisely choose a wide variety of foods. But it can be very hard to get 100% of the nutrients needed.
In an analysis of 70 varied individuals, all fell short of the recommended 100% RDA micronutrient level from food alone.
Even though a healthy balanced diet is available for the general European population, some groups are at risk of micronutrient deficiency.
An optimum intake of micronutrients and metabolites, which vary depending upon age and genetic constitution, would boost metabolism and give a marked increase in health at little cost.
Nutrient Dense Diets Reduce Hunger
The micronutrient density of a diet along with the caloric content influences the experience of hunger. A nutrient dense diet can result in a sustainable eating pattern that lead to weight loss and improved health.
A high nutrient density diet provides benefits for long-term health as well as weight loss.
As we age inadequate nutrition contributes to the loss of function and the development and progression of disease. Nutritional status is influenced by a range of medical, physiological, psychological, social, and situational variables.
Adequate nutrition and physical activity are aspects of a health-promoting lifestyle. Encouraging better nutrition and exercise is a cost-effective way of decreasing the incidence and progression of age-related disease.
The earlier we practice healthy habits the better.
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